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TITLE       Ethanol from arrow root (Maranta Arundinacea Linn)
CALL NO(S)      IP 174
PAGINATION/COLLATION      vi, 30 leaves
ABSTRACT      This study presents "Arrowroot" or commonly known as "Uraro" as a promising source of ethyl alcohol or ethanol. This is an indigeneous plant that are so abundant and can easily be grow. On the other hand, the increasing need for alcohol particularly ethanol cannot be denied. It is used as fuel, disinfectant, reagent in medical laboratories and industries as nontoxic ingredient in making wines and perfumes. In response to the government's challenge to the youth, the researchers was motivated by these observations to make use of indigenous plant; "Uraro" or Sago plant (Maranta Arundinacea Linn). as a possible source of large amount of ethanol. In this study the researchers determined the amount and percentage yield of alcohol in Uraro Plant. The investigation was carried out in three stages; gathering and production of extracts, fermenting process, and the distillation process. There were three different treatments made. In treatment TA, 300 grams of young rhizomes or Uraro were used with 600ml of water. In treatment TB, 300 grams of matured rhizomes were used and 600 ml water. And in treatment Tc, 300 grams of equal mixture of young and matured rhizomes were used with 600 ML of water. These were boiled, fermented, and distilled separately. The percentage of alcohol in each treatment were determined. The purity of the alcohol obtained was verified by a chemist in our school. The percentage purity of the alcohol produced in all treatments based on 56% purity.
SUBJECTS       Ehtyl alcohol
   Ethanol from arrow root
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