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TITLE       Gross morphology and histopathology of male-killing strain larvae in the oriental tea tortrix Homona magnanima (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
CALL NO(S)      SB931 A58
PUBLICATION TITLE      Applied Entomology and Zoology
VOLUME/ISSUE      43(1)
PAGINATION/COLLATION      119-125, illus., 25 refs.
DATE      F 2008
ABSTRACT      The late male-killing phenomenon was reported in the oriental tea tortrix, Homona magnanima, but its gross pathol­ogy and histopathology have not been elucidated. The present study investigated pathological changes in larvae of a late male-killing strain of H. magnanima (LMK). Most male LMK larvae died during the last instar or pupal stage, and dead male larvae showed characteristic signs and symptoms of male killing. The body color of male LMK larvae started to change 4 d after molting into the fifth instar and became increasingly opaque white. Male LMK larvae weighed significantly less than normal-strain (NSR) males. Midgut epithelial cells of male LMK larvae developed normally and microvilli were observed on the luminal side 3 d after the final molt. Regenerative cells of male LMK larvae were observed on the basement membrane but these cells did not develop to pupal midgut cells. From 7 dafter the final molt, midgut cells of male LMK larvae were discharged into the lumen as granules and regenerative cells elongated from the basement membrane. All midgut cells of male LMK larvae dropped into the lumen just before death and no cells were observed on the basement membrane. The fat body of male LMK larvae contained large fat granules in the cytoplasm but became a tumor-like cell mass that finally fused with epidermal cells. These changes were specific to LMK males; no differences in the developmental pattern or morphology were observed between fe­male LMK and NSR larvae. From these results, it is suggested that the degradation of midgut epithelial cells may be the main reason for late male killing.
SUBJECTS       Zoology
   Body color
   Homona magnanima
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