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TITLE       Histopathological effects of aquafarming on the liver and testes of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) from Taal Lake, Philippines
CALL NO(S)      NP
LOCATION(S)      STII 
MAIN AUTHOR      Bang-asan, Megan R.
ADDED ENTRY       Balolong, Marilen P. , Mitsuhashi, Masaki V. , Hallare, Arnold V.
PUBLISHER      University of the Philippines Manila
PUBLICATION PLACE      Taft Avenue, Manila
DATE PUBLISHED      2016
NOTE      downloaded from http://pjhrd.upm.edu.ph/index.php/main/article/view/88
ANNOTATION           Background: The intensive fish cage farming in Taal Lake ecosystem has generated socioeconomic benefits for the community. However, accompanying these gains is the continuous deterioration of the aquatic system and consequent decline in the quality of fish health. The present study attempted to investigate the impact of aquafarming on the general health, as well as on liver and testes histology of Oreochromis niloticus L. in Taal Lake.

     Methodology: Water and sediment samples from the three sites of varying degrees of aquaculture were obtained for physicochemical analysis. Ten male adult tilapia samples were also obtained and subjected to gross examination, which included the computation of the necropsy-based fish health assessment index (NFHAI), condition factor (CF), hepato-somatic index (HSI), and gonado-somatic index (GSI). Qualitative and semi-quantitative histological analysis based on the level of histological alterations in the liver and testes were also done.

     Results and Conclusion: CF, GSI, and HSI values showed that tilapias from the aquaculture sites (Banyaga and Balakilong) experienced organ degeneration. Semi-quantitative histological analysis and NFHAI showed a direct relationship between frequency of macroscopic and microscopic lesions and the intensity of aquaculture. Necrosis and hemorrhage were observed in both organs. Nuclear alterations, increase in melanomacrophage centers, fatty degeneration, and decrease in glycogen reserves were uniquely seen in the liver, while disorganization of lobules, lifting of the basement membrane, and intersex were seen in the testes. Histopathological observations were attributed to high levels of ammonia and copper detected in the lake. (Author's abstract)
SUBJECTS       Medicine
   Aquaculture
   Histopathology
   Liver
   Nile tilapia
   Testes
   Taal lake - Histopathological effects of aquafarming on the liver and testes of nile tilapia (oreochromis niloticus l.)
   
 
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